An EDI 820 is an electronic exchange of payment and remittance advice between trading partners. It enables companies to streamline the supply chain process and eliminates the need to send paper documents. As part of invoice workflow management, EDI 820 automation submits data directly into the receivable system and keeps the cost of business down.
EDI Transactions and Standards
EDI is short for electronic data interchange. The EDI 820 documents follow the X12 standard (ANSI X12) that is set by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI). It’s a non-profit organization that regulates all EDI formats within the United States.
The Electronic Data Interchange For Administration, Commerce, and Transport (EDIFACT) is the international EDI standard. This is adopted by organizations wishing to trade in a global context.
The X12 820 transaction set provides a specific format for transmitting information related to payments. The EDI 820 payment order is used in conjunction with the transfer of funds for the payment of goods, services, or other transactions.
The payment order/remittance advice is normally sent in response to an invoice or purchase order and is used to confirm payment details. It can also be used to advise the seller of any adjustments to the payment amount.
The Main Components of an EDI 820
An electronic funds transfer is sent with EDI documents that include payment/order information like:
- Invoice number or purchase order
- Payer/Payee identification
- Company name
- Payee ID number
- Payee’s accounts
- Billed/paid amounts
- Bank account number
- Invoice adjustments
- Tax information
- Payment tracking information
- Date/Time reference (DTM)
The data contents of an EDI 820 will always contain unique identifiers to streamline the transaction and facilitate proper cash application.
Is Remittance Advice the Same as an EDI 820?
When you hear “EDI 820” it’s often accompanied by “remittance advice”. What’s the relationship between the two?
Essentially, remittance advice is a type of EDI document that makes up part of an EDI 820 transaction. EDI 820 and remittance advice are often used interchangeably, along with payment order.
Remittance advice is a document that accompanies a payment. It is usually sent by a customer to a vendor to inform them of the payment made and to provide additional details about the debit. It usually includes information such as:
● Payment amount
● Invoice number (or reference number)
● Payment date
● Payment method
● Any other relevant data
If you’re asking, what is an invoice, and is this the same as remittance advice? It is not.
Remittance advice can be sent in various forms, such as a letter, email, or electronic document, and is an important communication tool between the payer and the payee. This document ensures payment is accurately credited to the proper account and that any outstanding balances are resolved.
Remittance advice is commonly used in industries like healthcare, finance, and government.
How do I Send/Receive an EDI 820?
It’s fairly easy to send and/or receive an EDI 820. The transmission is done through the internet or a Value Added Network (VAN). To save money, use an AS2 or secure FTP. This eliminates the need for an expensive VAN. Files are always encrypted to keep the data secure and safe.
Translating the EDI 820
When an EDI 820 is received, it must be translated into a functional format for your system. Most organizations have their own standard set of definitions for EDI 820s. Once translated, the order information is automatically synced and mapped, eliminating the need for manual data entry. When all data elements are in the system, the order can be processed.
How Do I Use an EDI 820?
EDI 820 documents act as a statement of intent to pay. After the buyer sends the remittance advice transaction set (RMR) to the accounts receivable department, the matching begins. There should be a counterpart EDI 810 invoice or purchase order to settle the open account.
In general, EDI integration happens with a funds transfer to confirm payment details to the seller. However, an EDI 820 document is also used to advise the seller of important adjustments to the invoice that could change the payment amount.
Additionally, an EDI 820 is sent to provide instructions for payment to the associated financial institution. It may also entail information on previous payments for the same invoice.
While an EDI 820 is triggered by the receipt of an EDI 810 invoice, buyers can choose to send the document when they receive an invoice in any format. The seller’s bank may also issue an EDI 820 to the seller upon receipt of payment.
After the EDI 820 is received by the seller, their EDI solution will generate an EDI 997 Functional Acknowledgement. This document is sent back to the buyer to confirm receipt. This officially marks the end of the order process.
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What are the Benefits of EDI 820?
Whenever a business does anything electronically, it equates to less manual labor and more efficient operations. An EDI 820 frees up resources and reduces human error.
When translated, the EDI 820 containing the same information as regular, paper remittance advice. However, the data encryption used for the EDI keeps the buyer, seller, and payment information much safer. It supersedes traditional methods like mail, fax, or PDF.
By automating the B2B payment process, both buyers and sellers can streamline order management. Buyers save on a paper trail. For sellers, automation enables a business to oversee accounting through exceptions.
This means, accounting only needs to address open accounts when they are alerted to an issue, rather than watching everything, all of the time. They don’t need to re-enter data or issue functional acknowledgments manually for each individual order.
EDI 820 Format Example
An EDI 820 looks like a line of code until translated. It can be viewed in two ways. The human “readable” format or the “raw data” version. The example below demonstrates what an EDI 820 looks like before being translated by your ERP and reconciled through accounting.
ISA*00* 00 08925485US00 129622309900 200415 U00501* 0T*>
The Interchange Envelope (often referred to as the IEA) is the wrapper for all the data to be sent in one transmission.
The Future is Electronic
Although you may send EFTs through the Automated Clearing House (ACH), an EDI 820 doesn’t require a third-party agent. It’s part of an electronic payment system designed to streamline business and automate processes.
An EDI 820 is simply a way to facilitate the sharing of financial data. It provides a fast, safe, and reliable data exchange method for a business of any size.
Have more questions on different payment methods and systems? Check out our ebook, Comparing the Top Global Payment Methods, for a more in-depth look.