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Spend Management : Process, Benefits and Examples

In this article, we explain spend management. Is your business optimizing spend management? Check out our eBook, “The Ultimate Accounts Payable Survival Guide.”

Your business can improve spend management to optimize the cost and quality of purchases from the best-qualified vendors, and pay them on time to improve supplier relationships. You’ll use software that provides efficiency, spend analysis, communications, and insights through automation and real-time analytics. 

Company-wide spend management control maximizes the value received for expenditures and reduces cash needs. In this article, we’ll draw back the curtains on spend management, including key focus areas, best practices, top examples of spend management, FAQs, and more.

Spend Management Meaning

Spend management is a comprehensive procurement and strategic sourcing process designed to optimize costs and reduce vendor risk. The process analyzes supplier transaction data and spend categories, vets suppliers to qualify them, requires competitive bids, negotiates discounts, sets spending limits, manages the supply chain, and analyzes results.

Spend Management Process Broken Down 

Spend management can be broken down into seven quick steps. These are:

  1. Identify business expenditures
  2. Centralize spend data in an automated system
  3. Verify and clean data for analysis
  4. Categorize and group spend data 
  5. Analyze spend data
  6. Devise a spend management strategy
  7. Forecast spend to improve results

The first five steps are included in the spend analysis process.

Identify Business Expenditures

Business expenditures include all types of company spending, from G&A costs and R&D to inventory purchases, employee salaries and expenses, outsourced services, marketing investments, and sales commissions. 

Centralize Spend Data

Select the most advanced and comprehensive automated software system to handle spend management. The system should have integration with your procurement software. ROI from cost savings will justify the worth of exceptional automated spend management software. 

Then centralize expenditures data from all sources in that system. 

Verify and Clean Data

The data needs to be verified for accuracy after data migration and cleaned to eliminate formatting differences, duplications, and missing data. Data science techniques like machine learning and artificial intelligence require clean data to provide meaningful results for business intelligence. 

Categorize Spend Data

Consider the best categories for your business spend data by type of expenditures. Create subtotals by vendor name to further group the data. Once you determine the categories, your spend management system will automate the task. 

As part of spend category management, you can use benchmarking to compare your spending to other industry participants. 

Analyze Spend Data

Spend data software will help you identify which categories indicate overspending and offer savings opportunities. 

Devise a Spend Management Strategy

Establishing spend management strategies sets a framework for the overall goals of the spend management program. With a strategic overview, company policies, software systems, and processes are selected as tactics to help the company reach its cost reduction, optimize vendor selection, and streamline negotiation goals. 

Forecast Spend Outcomes

Using the business spend management software effectively to forecast spending by category will help you assess future cash needs and gain insights into cost savings opportunities.

Businesses optimize their spend management when they adopt best practices.

Key Focus Areas of Spend Management

A business practicing intelligent spend management should focus on three keys areas:

  1. Automation
  2. Collecting and consolidating spend data
  3. Forecasting


Automated cloud-based e-procurement systems can improve spend management and efficiently reduce expenditure costs. Electronic procurement systems include bidding, negotiation, a document repository for Request for Quotation (RFQ), Request for Proposal (RFP), and contracts. 

Invoicing, processing payments, and monitoring transactions can be tedious. Whenever possible, automate these processes. Manual labor is slower, more costly, and prone to errors. It makes sense to reserve human capital for activities requiring more complex problem-solving. Employee work redirection can further drive business growth.

Collecting and Consolidating Spend Data

Spend analysis, a sub-category of spend management, involves collecting, cleaning, and categorizing expenditure data. Companies identify ways to lower costs and streamline the procurement process through spend analysis.

Tightening operations is only possible when data is properly cleaned, collected, and consolidated in one central repository. If possible, using the same spend management software to automate payments and store data makes spend analytics much easier and more accessible.

When analyzing your spend data, consider the costs for cloud spend management, and don’t forget to review old subscriptions!


One of the primary goals of spend management is to prepare for the future. It’s important to position a business to operate efficiently and have the flexibility to adapt to changes in supply and demand. Properly organizing spend data and monitoring expenses makes this type of insight possible.

Fully Automate Employee Spending and Expenses

The Tipalti platform provides a unified solution for managing accounts payable, procurement, company cards, expenses, and global remittance, providing a unified finance experience while streamlining business processes.

With Tipalti Expenses, companies can quickly and easily manage all employee spend in a single automation solution. It helps you rapidly and efficiently scale, while accelerating business visibility and reducing risk. 

Using the mobile app, employees can create and submit expense reports, while managers review and approve expenses quickly, easily, and on the go.

Accelerate monthly close by over 25% and significantly reduce your finance team’s workload with automated reconciliation. Expense-based transactions and reimbursements are automatically captured and processed just like any other Tipalti-supported payment method.

Thanks to Tipalti’s robust global payment infrastructure, finance teams can quickly reimburse employees no matter where they are in the world. Whether it’s for new office equipment or business trips, managers can easily review and approve employee expenses via 

the mobile app.

Benefits of Spend Management

Excellent spend management practices will provide a variety of benefits, like:

Save Money and Improve Cash Flow

Cost-saving opportunities improve your bottom-line profitability and cash flow. Cash available from cost savings can then be funneled into more productive activities like research and development, marketing, and hiring. 

Reduce Borrowing Needs

The more internally generated cash (enhanced by spend management effectiveness), the less the company needs to borrow from lenders. With rising interest rates, reducing interest costs is crucial. 

Lock in Negotiated Lower Costs Over Time

Spend management should contribute to optimal internal cash flow. If product costs increase over time, through inflation, negotiated contracts and blanket purchase orders can lock in pricing at a lower cost. 

Provide Insight 

Organized expense data gives companies the transparency needed to identify trends and manage bottlenecks. This is especially important for a business looking to scale. Spotting and cutting costs by a few percentage points might not seem like much now, but it could have huge implications as you grow.

Maintain Compliance

Whether it’s tax season, preparing for an audit, or managing supplier contracts, tracking and documenting expenses is critical. Staying organized helps avoid penalties, maximizes tax breaks, and keeps suppliers happy.

How can your business automate, control, and reimburse employee expenses as part of spend management?

Learn about adding Tipalti Expenses to your Tipalti finance automation software platform for a complete spend management solution that includes employee expense management and reimbursement. 

Use unified Tipalti finance automation software that includes Tipalti Expenses, with its mobile app expense report and receipts submission and approvals, holistic payables and spend management, and global regulatory compliance for paying your global employees on time with a choice of cost-effective payment methods and local currencies.

Spend Management Best Practices

Spend management best practices cover the entire source-to-pay (S2P) cycle, and include:

  • Identifying and selecting the right vendors 
  • Procuring goods and services from qualified vendors for the best price and quality
  • Establishing and maintaining good vendor relationships and communication
  • Earning volume and early payment discounts to lower business costs and expenses
  • Paying vendors timely for those goods and services 
  • Spend analytics

Although spend management software may include a process for sourcing vendors, Thomasnet.com (a sourcing resource provider) suggests 13 Sourcing Tips to Identify New Quality Suppliers that will help you achieve best practices. These sourcing tips go beyond best pricing to ensure that you select the best vendors for procurement. 

Spend management solutions, like AP automation platform Tipalti, include supplier portals to increase communication status and provide document repositories for purchase orders, invoices, contracts, and payments. 

Early Payment Discounts

Your procurement department can discuss volume discounts with suppliers when negotiating a purchase order or contract. 

Your company can earn early payment discounts to save money. The 2/10 net 30 payment term provides a substantial discount (annualized at 36.7%) for paying an invoice within 10 days instead of 30 days. 

Companies can sometimes negotiate dynamic discounts with suppliers, where the early payment discount varies by the actual payment date your company uses. 

When you pay vendors on time, you’ll improve your supplier relationships and receive future shipments on new orders. 

McKinsey & Company describes the complete strategic spend management concept, labeling it spend analytics. In this article titled “The role of spend analytics in the next normal,” McKinsey describes the vital tasks of procurement in prioritizing spending. 

Challenges of Spend Management

Spend management presents some challenges. 

Cleaning the Spend Data

A company’s electronic procurement system and ERP may generate data inconsistently formatted or duplicated, which needs data cleaning for useful analysis. Missing information also needs to be considered when data is cleansed. 

Properly Categorizing Expenditures

Your team needs to plan and refine how the spend data should be categorized to provide useful information and cost savings opportunities. Categorize spend by both spend category and vendor. 

Including All Spend Data in an Integrated System

Expenditures should be analyzed from all sources in one centralized database. 

Identifying Opportunities for Managing Tail Spend

Identify routine small-dollar tail spend (maverick spending) that requires less oversight by procurement and purchasing. 

Some procurement systems or add-on software include thousands of pre-vetted vendors for buying office supplies and other low-cost items without needing a purchase order. Separating tail spend and using an integrated software system to purchase and manage it can reduce costs.   

Effectively Managing the Use of Cash

A significant spend management issue is effectively managing cash by reducing expenditure costs. Companies can cut costs and cash outflows using analytics and spend management insights. 

The procurement team can significantly add to company results and impress the CFO, who’s ultimately responsible for cash management and profitability. You’ll contribute to good supplier relationship management when suppliers are paid timely in a reasonable source-to-pay cycle. 

Business growth, even if profitable, can be a cash cow because the company needs to invest more in:

  • Inventory before sales are turned into cash by collecting accounts receivable
  • Hires to support the growth
  • Startup expenses for new opportunities 

When revenue streams are reduced, cutting back on non-essential spending can mean the difference between a going concern and a bankrupt company. 

Running low on cash means being unable to pay bills in your accounts payable aging on time (or ever). It may be impossible to get new inventory shipments from suppliers on credit, and vendors may require COD payments. COD terms reduce the procure to pay cycle to zero days. 

Examples of Spend Management 

Some prime examples of spend management include:

  • Providing maverick spend management programs 
  • Using the best spend management software

Maverick Spend Management

Your company may decide to use programs to manage maverick spending on small purchases. Maverick spend is too costly for issuing purchase orders through the procurement department.

The program for managing this tail spend may include issuing Procurement cards (P-cards) to employees for these routine purchases. The P-cards require a monthly payment-in-full (unlike business credit cards which may allow later balance payment).

To handle tail spend, your business may use specialized software that provides the ability to buy from vetted suppliers for small, routine purchases like office supplies. 

Spend Management Software

The best software for business spend management automates sourcing and procurement workflows and gives you granular real-time visibility by category and vendor. 

Spend management software for AP automation provides:

  • Financial controls throughout payables automation and global payments process
  • Efficiency by reducing time-consuming tasks, like manual processes
  • Global regulatory and tax compliance

Examples of spend management and expense management solutions for procurement that may be combined with payables, expenses, and payments automation include:

  • SAP Ariba
  • SAP Concur
  • Coupa
  • Tipalti AP Automation
  • Tipalti Mass Payments
  • Tipalti Procurement
  • Tipalti Expenses
  • Tipalti Card

Tipalti Spend Management

The Tipalti automation software works as a unified solution integrated with your ERP or accounting software. 

Tipalti AP Automation and Mass Payments software help your company achieve real-time spend visibility and control for these business processes, including 2-way or 3-way purchase order matching and built-in fraud screening.

Tipalti Expenses automates spend control over employee reimbursements. Staff can submit expense reports with photo receipts via mobile app. This automates company expense policies, helps to gather in-app approvals from role-based approvers, and achieve global regulatory compliance. 

Tipalti Expenses, combined with other Tipalti automation software, lets you timely pay batched expense reimbursements to your global employees. Tipalti Card is a set of employee-issued virtual payment cards for business spend management and maverick expense management. 

Risks of Poor Spend Management 

Risks of poor spend management include disorganization, increased costs, and insufficient supply chain management. Your company can mitigate these risks with better procurement management and spend management. 


Without an ongoing effort to maintain clean data, orderly payment records, and oversee expenses, it’s easy for things to get out of hand. Managing spend takes time and effort. Unfortunately, companies that are more focused on revenue growth often make spend management a lesser priority.

Increased Costs

This is a byproduct of disorganization. Without an established system for monitoring expenses, it’s easy for inefficiencies to go unnoticed. Strategic sourcing, contract management, and other cost-cutting efforts are ignored or simply not feasible.

Poor Supply Chain Management

As companies expand their product lines and service offerings, inventory management, supplier management, and supplier relationships become increasingly complex. Without real-time data and adequate spend visibility, organizations are exposed to breakdowns. 

Subsequently, missed payments and delayed fulfillment are more common, damaging relationships with suppliers and customers.

A September 22, 2022 CNBC article highlights Bed Bath and Beyond’s retail troubles with its suppliers, including “strained relationships” and merchandise shortages from shipment reductions or cut-offs relating to its deteriorating customer risk profile. 

The article states:

“Over the past two years, however, Bed Bath [and Beyond] has tested vendor relationships by making late payments, pushing aggressively into private labels and losing shoppers…The terms can change, however, if a retailer shows signs of distress—sometimes pushing a vendor to shorten the payment window, require cash on delivery or halt shipments.”

Spend Management FAQs

What is the difference between spend management and budgeting?

Spend management and budgeting are different. Spend management is about procurement cost reduction strategy and implementing processes. This is done through automated spend management software enhanced by AI technology. 

Budgeting is a company-wide control process to establish spending limits for expenses and capital expenditures by department or cost center for each month of the year. 

Budgeting is controlled through variance analysis which compares budgeted and actual amounts in the financial statements. Finance team analysts determine and explain the reasons for differences in budgeted vs actual expense amounts. 

What is the difference between spend management and expense management?

Spend management considers all types of business expenditures, including expenses, inventory purchases, and equipment. The goal is to reduce the costs of procured items.

Expense management is a control system that includes company policies, software for tracking employee expenses, handling expense report reimbursement, and tail spend management of routine, low-cost purchases. 

Importance of Spend Management 

Spend management is important because it prevents unnecessary spending, maintains data accuracy and organization throughout the entire billing lifecycle, and manages supplier relationships. 

Universal spend management consolidates expense management, enhances business profitability, reduces cash leakage, and minimizes supplier risk. 

Spend management lets you see where cost savings are possible and makes your company more competitive, rewarding stakeholders. To achieve optimal spend management, you need automated, easy-to-use, and competitively priced spend management tools with a global reach. 

Business spend management and employee-initiated expenses control can be achieved with a unified Tipalti AP and finance automation software platform that includes Tipalti Expenses software. 

Ready to learn more? Download our white paper, “The Holy Grail of Accounts Payable.”

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